In Kazakhstan, there is a need to develop a Seed Development Map.
As it was noted at today’s meeting of the Council for Agricultural Policy under the Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Kazakhstan, this need is due to the low quality of sown seeds of crops, low level of technical equipment of seed farms and use of inefficient varieties in production.
Over the past 5 years, the share of acreage sown with elite seeds averaged 4.6%. According to scientific data, the yield losses from the use of low-yield seeds in industrial crops reach up to 20%, reports the IA “Kazakh-Zerno”.
An analysis of the technological infrastructure of elite seed farms shows that about half of the sowing and harvesting machinery and 2/3 of the seed cleaning equipment were purchased more than 10 years ago. The originators require the renewal of 83% of the sowing, 72% of the harvesting and 94% of the seed cleaning equipment.
The use of worn-out machinery by seed farms leads to overconsumption of fuel and electricity in the amount of 1.1 billion tenge. In addition, worn out seed cleaning machinery increases the percentage of injured of seeds, reduces their germination and the release of conditioned seeds.
So, within the framework of the Map, the seed subsidization mechanism will be improved in terms of paying subsidies only for highly efficient varieties with high potential for productivity and quality. It is also planned to improve the existing seed production scheme in the republic in order to use in the production crops seeds of not less than 1 reproduction, which will speed up variety changing and strain renovation, increase crop yields and product quality. This will be achieved through a gradual increase in the proportion of acreage sown with elite seeds, from 6% in 2018 to 12% in 2021. To do this, the networks of elite seed farms and seed farms will be expanded.